Lumezi District currently has one parliamentary constituency (Lumezi Constituency) which is also the name of the district. Lumezi Constituency derive its name from the Lumezi River. Lumezi was annexed from Lundazi District and its delimitation follows the pre-existing boundary of Lumezi Parliamentary Constituency.
Lumezi District comprise of the plateau and the valley. The district has five big rivers which flow across it, from the plateau to the valley. The rivers include: Lundazi, Lumezi, Lusangazi, Lukusuzi, and the Rukuzye while the Luangwa flows along the Valley and forms the boundary with Mpika district in Muchinga Province. The main languages spoken on the plateau are Chewa and Tumbuka while in the Valley Bisa and Tumbuka are spoken. Two religions practised are Christianity and Islam.
Lumezi District is located at an elevation of 865 above sea level on the coordinates 120 9’0S 320 34’0E. It is located about 55 Kilometres North of Chipata and about 35 Kilometres from Lundazi Town. It is bordered by Chipangali Constituency and Mambwe in the South, Lundazi Central on the North East, Chama South Constituency on the North West, Mpika District to the West and Malawi to the East. The district has one parliamentary constituency whose name is derived from the Lumezi River. It is one of the largest constituencies in the Province with an area coverage of 9,838 Square Kilometres. The district is shared by 11 wards which includes Kazembe, Wachitangachi, Chamtowa, Kachama, Kamimba, Lumimba, Kaikumbe, Kapangala, Lukusuzi, Chibande, and Diwa.
Lumezi district is shared by 6 Chiefs namely;
i. HRH Kazembe
ii. HRH Mwanya
iii. HRH Chitungulu
iv. HRH Chikomeni
v. HRH Zumwanda
vi. HRH Chieftains Mwasemphangwe.
Social economic profile
Lumezi District is endowed with several natural resources and its economic potential across sectors like agriculture, lumbering, mining as well as tourism is very promising.
Transport and Communication Infrastructure
Lumezi District has about 95 Kilometres of M12 (Chipata -Lundazi Road) passing through it, with 60 Kilometres from Lundazi barrier to Mpingozi being in a good state while the remaining 35 kilometres to Chipangali District boundary is very bad.
The other 3 important roads are Chikomeni-Mwanya, Chitungulu, and Kazembe Roads. These roads connect the valley to the plateau and are of great economic importance to the district and the nation at large. Most emergency referrals from Rural Health Centres and Health Posts to the hospitals at Lumezi Mission or Lundazi First Level Hospitals use these roads. Currently, these roads are in a deplorable state. The roads are ungraded, in some instances some bridges are damaged while some points have no culverts. The district administration working together with the Local Authority has however, submitted all these, among others, to relevant offices for consideration of which some have high chances of being funded.
In terms of telecommunications, all wards have communication towers except in some areas, they have not been operationalized. Chibande, Kazembe, Lukusuzi, and Diwa Wards have points where there is no network coverage. There are three mobile telephone providers in the District and these include: MTN, Zamtel and Airtel network providers.
The main crops grown include maize, soya beans, tobacco, beans, and sunflower at subsistence levels while many livestock, like cattle and goats, are reared, especially on the plateau. For the valley area, the main crop is cotton while the tourism and forestry industries are yet to develop. Small scale mining is also practised in the district, with precious stones and quartz being among those commonly mined.
Main crops grown include maize, soya beans, tobacco, beans, and sunflower at subsistence levels while many livestock is reared, especially on the plateau. For the valley area, the main crop is cotton while the tourism and forestry industries are yet to develop.
The fishing industry has not been exploited in the district partly because a number of streams such the Lumimba Stream in the valley usually dries up during the dry season. However, there are rivers such as the Luangwa, Lukusuzi, Lumezi, Lundazi and other streams that are active in some parts during the year where fishing activities are taking place.
There are a number of products on the market in Lumezi. Merchandise mainly comes from Lundazi and Chipata, the provincial headquarters for Eastern Province while others come from neighbouring country Malawi. Lumezi mainly exports maize, soya beans, groundnuts, cotton, tobacco and other agricultural products.
There is also trading in agro related businesses since most of the products produced in the district are agricultural products. These include seeds, fertilizers and other agro-chemicals. The main commercial activity taking place in Lumezi is Tobacco farming. Potential in areas like agriculture, lumbering, livestock and fisheries, mining as well as tourism is very good but yet to be exploited. The district is home to the Lukusuzi National Park and Luambe National Park.
Lumezi is a home to the forests like the Lukusuzi National Park and Luambe National Park and big rivers which includes: the Lundazi, Lumezi, Lusangazi, Lukusuzi, and the Rukuzye while the Luangwa flows along the Valley and forms the boundary with Mpika district in Muchinga Province which can support industries like lumbering, agriculture and tourism but has not been exploited. The presence of the North Luangwa, Lukusuzi, and Luambe National Parks in the district has the potential to boost tourism.
Lumezi is one of the districts endowed with a number of minerals resources which have not been exploited. Small scale mining is mainly practised in the district, with precious stones and quartz being among those commonly mined. A number of both individual and companies are also prospecting for minerals in the district. There are also traces of Gold and other precious minerals in the district. Besides mining, sand and quarrying is quite high. With the declaration of the constituency as a district, construction works are expected to bring about an increase in sand quarrying and other mining activities.
Thus, the district has unexploited mining prospects which will boost development and consequently increase the population of the district.
The valley population is 35, 984 while that of the plateau is 108, 217 based on the 2019 projected CSO data. Population growth rate assumed at 2.7% per annum while Population Density is at 17.72 persons per km2.