Location: Chama District is located 330 km North of Chipata Town. The district lies between longitude 30 E 50’ and 33 E latitude, 11 S 32’ and 13 S 15’.
Area: 17,485 Km²
Population (CSO 2010): 101,412
Males: 49,191 (49.0%)
Females: 52,221 (51.0%)
Growth Rates: District (3.1) Males (2.8) Female (3.2)
Population Density: 5.8 persons per km2
Constituencies and Wards: The district has 2 constituency and 22 wards
Climate: The district generally experiences a hot climate with mean daily maximum temperatures in the range of 32-36oC. The minimum and maximum temperatures are 15ºc (June – July) and 36ºc (October) respectively. The mean annual rainfall is in the range of 400 – 800 mm.
Soil and Vegetation: The soil range from Grey loams to black clays with moderate fertility. These soils are mainly used for maize and rice cultivation but they are potentially good for other crops such as wheat. Chama District is made up of diverse vegetation of which include Miombo Woodlands, Munga Woodlands and Mopane Woodlands.
Socio-economic Infrastructure: The district has the following major socio-economic infrastructure:-
- Education: The district has a total of 98 schools, of which 66 are GRZ Basic Schools, 2 are GRZ Secondary Schools, 1 is a GRZ High School, and 29 are Community Schools. There is no private owned school in the district.
- Health: The district has a total of 22 health facilities, of which 2 are Health Posts, 19 are Rural Health Centres, and 1 is a District Hospital (Level 1).
- Water Supply and Sanitation: Township Water Supply and Sanitation Services in district are provided by the Eastern Water Supply and Sewerage Company (ESWC) through piped water system. Rural Water Supply and sanitation services are provided by the council in form of boreholes, wells and latrines.
- Energy: Chama District is connected the national grid. Power supply to the district is provided by ZESCO. The district has one filling station that supplies petroleum products.
- Radio and Television: The district has no local radio station. The district receives ZNBC radio 1 and 2 signals. In terms television, the district receives ZNBC TV signal, and fee paying channels from MuviTV and DSTV Multichoice Zambia.
- Communication: Mobile phone providers in the Chama are MTN. Airtel and CellZ. Land Line Phone services are provided by Zamtel. The district has 1 Post Office.
District Investment and Trade: Chama District has the following major investment in commerce, Industry and trading activities:
Agriculture: Agriculture is the leading industry, and maize is the most common crop. Chama is also known as a rice-growing area. Cotton is a lucrative crop for some. Sorghum and soyabeans are also grown. Other common food crops include groundnuts, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, cabbage, sunflowers.
Financial Sector: Chama District has one commercial bank, namely Natsave Bank.
Agro-Industry: There no major companies that are involved in Agro- processing in the District. However, there are few individuals doing oil extraction and maize milling on a small scale.
Shopping Facilities: The district has no major supermarkets. The district has few shops mostly owned by local people.
Trade: The main exports commodities in Chama District include agricultural produce such as rice, maize, groundnuts and cotton. Most agricultural products grown in the province have a high potential on the international market. The lint cotton (including cotton cake) is exported to Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa and China).
Five Primary Resources: Agriculture is the mainstay of Chama District’s economy. The main primary resources of the district are: crops such as Rice, Maize, groundnuts and Cotton, and Livestock (Cattle, Pigs, Goats and Poultry).