Vubwi district is one of the fourteen (14) districts in Eastern Province and was established in 2012 following the Presidential Declaration Statutory Instrument No.41 of 2012 on 26th March, 2012 by the late President Mr. Micheal Chilufya Sata. Prior to her district status, Vubwi was being administered as a Sub Centre of Chadiza District Council. Vubwi District falls within Vubwi Constituency and has a total of nine (9) Wards. The nine wards in of the district are Chimphanje, Chisiya, Mbozi, Mbande, Mlawe, Sindemisale, Vubwi, Zozwe wards plus the ninth and newly created Matemba ward. Collectively, the entire district falls under Chief Pembamoyo’s chiefdom.
Vubwi district has a surface area of approximately 920 square kilometers and lies between latitude -14.001 degrees south and longitude 32.90 degrees east. It is approximately 620 kilometers east of Zambia’s capital city -Lusaka. It borders Malawi on the East, Chadiza District and Mozambique on the southern part and Chipata District on the West. It is situated about thirty-four (34) Kilometers East of Chadiza District and about sixty- eight (68) Kilometers South of Chipata District.
Socio Economic Profile
Agriculture and Livestock
Agriculture is the main stay of Vubwi district’s economy. The major crops grown in the district are maize, soya beans, tobacco, sunflower, groundnuts, beans, macadamia and sweat potatoes. While livestock reared are cattle, pigs, goats and chickens. The fish industry has not been exploited in the district. There are a number of streams such as Vubwi stream in the district that usually dry up during the dry season. However, Government of the Republic of Zambia through the Water Affairs Department is planning to put up dams in the district to facilitate for fish farming.
Commerce and Trade
Therefore, it goes without mentioning that commercial activities in Vubwi are mainly trading in agricultural products such as cattle, goats, pigs, maize, soya beans, groundnuts and agro chemicals like seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
There is also small-scale gold panning taking place in the district specifically some areas around Vubwi river at Vubwi and Chithumba area of Mlawe.
Vubwi District has a very weak industrial base. There are no major companies that are involved in Agro- processing in the district. However, there are few individuals doing cooking oil extraction and maize milling on a small scale. There are several other small and medium scale industries such as Metal Fabrication, Carpentry, Brick moulding.
As of 2010, the population size for Vubwi District was 30,490. Of the total population, 50.3 percent (15,254) were males and 49.7 percent (15,236) were females as shown in Table 1.
Table1: Total Population by Constituency, Ward and Sex, Vubwi 2010