Location: Lundazi District is located 180 km North of Chipata Town. The district lies between longitude 30 E 50’ and 33 E latitude, 11 S 32’ and 13 S 15’. The District shares boundaries with Chama District to the north, Mpika District to the West, Chipata District to the South, Mambwe District to the Southwest and the Republic of Malawi to the East.
Population (CSO 2010): 314,281
Males: 152,693 (49.0%)
Females: 161,588 (51.0%)
Growth Rates: District (2.9) Males (2.7) Female (3.0)
Population Density: 22.4 persons per km2
Constituencies and Wards: The district has 3 constituencies and 27 wards
Climate: Lundazi District has a long dry season from April to October and short wet season from November to March. Humidity is generally low during most of the year, rising to a maximum relative humidity levels in the wet season. In plateau area of the District rainfall is typically between 800 to 1 000 mm per annum making the plateau to fall with the central valley zone, which has rains of between 700 and 800 mm.
Soil and Vegetation: The soils are derived from complex plateau rocks and range from red, sandy loamy to sand clay loamy. These are the soil types that support the main population of the District. The valley basin is rich in alluvial soils. The vegetation of the plateau is largely Miombo woodland while that of valley is largely Mupani Woodlands. Both the plateau and the hilly descent to the valley are covered with woodlands richly endowed with tree species for commercial value
Traditional Ceremony: Zengani Traditional Ceremony of the Tumbuka/Ngoni Speaking people.
Socio-economic Infrastructure: The district has the following major socio-economic infrastructure:-
- Roads: The district has a total of 655 km roads, of which 630 km are rural feeder roads and 25 km are township roads. Only 5km of township roads are paved.
- Education: The district has a total of 284 schools, of which 139 are GRZ Basic Schools, 6 are GRZ Secondary Schools, 3 are GRZ High Schools, 134 are Community Schools, 1 is a Private Primary School and 1 is a Private Secondary School.
- Health: The district has a total of 43 health facilities, of which 19 are Health Posts, 22 are Rural Health Centres, 1 is an Urban Health Centre, and 1 is a District Hospital (Level 1).
- Water Supply and Sanitation: Township Water Supply and Sanitation Services in district are provided by the Eastern Water Supply and Sewerage Company (ESWC) through piped water system. Rural Water Supply and sanitation services are provided by the council in form of boreholes, wells and latrines.
- Airport: Lundazi District is served with only one Airstrip which is used for small aircrafts.
- Public Bus Station: Lundazi is has one public bus stations located within the town and owned by the council.
- Energy: The District imports electricity from Malawi on the total voltage of 33 KV the District utilises about 11Kv allowing the balance of 22Kv for future investment and development. The source of power is quite fair for the District usage. ZESCO is responsible for the supply of this imported power in Lundazi district. The district has one filling station that supplies petroleum products.
- Radio and Television: The district 1 community FM radio station. The station in the district covers the radius of more than 100km. The district receives ZNBC radio 1 and 2 signals. In terms television, the district receives ZNBC TV signal, and fee paying channels from MuviTV and DSTV Multichoice Zambia.
- Communication: Mobile phone providers in the Lundazi are MTN. Airtel and CellZ. Land Line Phone services are provided by Zamtel. The district has 1 Post Office
District Investment and Trade: Lundazi District has the following major investment in commerce, Industry and trading activities:
Agriculture: The major cash crops grown in Lundazi District are maize, cotton, tobacco, soyabeans and groundnuts. Livestock reared include cattle, pigs, goats and chickens.
Tourism: Lundazi District has tourist attractions such as the Lukusuzi National Park, Lubande National Park and Lumimba Game Management Area. Hotels and Lodges in the district include: Chibemba Safari Lodge, Luangwa Wilderness Lodge, Lundazi Castle Hotel, Tafika Lodge and Tigone Motel.
Financial Sector: Lundazi District has 2 registered commercial banks and these are ZANACO Bank and Barclays bank.
Agro-Industry: Apart from the small holder food processors of mainly cooking oil, the only notable agro-industries are Dunavant Ginnery and Wildlife Conservation Society which are involved in cotton ginning and peanut butter production respectively.
Shopping Facilities: The district has no major supermarkets. The district has numerous shops mostly owned by locals and Zambians of Indian origin.
Trade: The main exports commodities in Lundazi District include groundnuts, cotton and tobacco. Most agricultural products grown in the province have a high potential on the international market. The Tobacco is mostly exported to Malawi, while lint cotton (including cotton cake) is exported to Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa and China).
Five Primary Resources: Agriculture is the mainstay of Lundazi District’s economy. The five primary resource of the district are: Maize, Tobacco, Soya beans, Cotton and Livestock (Cattle, Pigs, Goats and Poultry)