Location: Mambwe District lies between latitude 13.30 degrees North and 14.45 South and longitude 31 and 32 degrees east. It boarders Lundazi District to the North, Mpika District to the North-West, Serenje District to the West, Petauke District to the South-West and Katete District to the South, and also boarders Chipata to the South-East. The district Administrative centre is located approximately 87kms North-West of the Provincial capital, Chipata and 25kms South-East of Mfuwe International Airport.
Area: 5,304 Km²
Population (CSO 2010): 71,074
Males: 35,130 (49.0%)
Females: 35,944 (51.0%)
Growth Rates: District (2.2) Males (2.0) Female (2.4)
Population Density: 13.4 persons per km2
Constituencies and Wards: The district has 1 constituency and 13 wards
Climate: The district generally experiences a hot climate with mean daily maximum temperatures in the range of 32-36oC. The minimum and maximum temperatures are 15ºc (June – July) and 36ºc (October) respectively. The mean annual rainfall is in the range of 400 – 800 mm.
Soil and Vegetation: The soil range from Grey loams to black clays with moderate fertility. These soils are mainly used for maize and rice cultivation but they are potentially good for other crops such as wheat. Mambwe District is made up of diverse vegetation of which include Miombo Woodlands, Munga Woodlands and Mopane Woodlands.
Socio-economic Infrastructure: The district has the following major socio-economic infrastructure:-
- Roads: The district has a total of 421 km roads, of which 406 km are rural feeder roads and 15 km are township roads. The district has no paved township roads.
- Education: The district has a total of 60 schools, of which 33 are GRZ Basic Schools, 2 are GRZ Secondary Schools, 2 are GRZ High Schools, 22 are Community Schools, 1 is a Private Primary School.
- Health: The district has a total of 14 health facilities, of which 3 are Health Posts, 10 are Rural Health Centres, and 1 is a District Hospital (Level 1).
- Water Supply and Sanitation: Township Water Supply and Sanitation Services in district are provided by the Eastern Water Supply and Sewerage Company (ESWC) through piped water system. Rural Water Supply and sanitation services are provided by the council in form of boreholes, wells and latrines.
- Energy: Mambwe District is connected the national grid through the … KV line. Power supply to the district is provided by ZESCO. The district has one filling station that supplies petroleum products.
- Radio and Television: The district has no local radio station. The district receives ZNBC radio 1 and 2 signals. In terms television, the district receives ZNBC TV signal, and fee paying channels from MuviTV and DSTV Multichoice Zambia.
- Communication: Mobile phone providers in the Mambwe are MTN. Airtel and CellZ. Land Line Phone services are provided by Zamtel. The district has 1 Post Office.
- Airport: Mambwe District is the only district in Eastern Province with an international airport. The airport is called Mfuwe International Airport.
District Investment and Trade: Mambwe District has the following major investment in commerce, Industry and trading activities:
Agriculture: Major crops grown in the District include Maize, groundnuts, Cotton and sunflower. Rice production is being promoted by Wild life conservation society in the district. Livestock reared include cattle, pigs, goats and chickens.
Financial Sector: Mambwe District has two commercial banks, namely Barclays Bank and ZANACO Bank. The banks are located at Mfuwe International Airport.
Agro-Industry: There no major companies that are involved in Agro- processing in the District. However, there are few individuals doing oil extraction and maize milling on a small scale.
Shopping Facilities: The district has no major supermarkets. The district has few locally owned retail shops.
Trade: The main exports commodities in Mambwe District include agricultural produce such as maize, groundnuts and cotton. Most agricultural products grown in the province have a high potential on the international market. The lint cotton (including cotton cake) is exported to Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa and China). The district is exports game meat.
Non-consumptive Tourism: Mambwe district is one of the best tourist’s destinations in Zambia because of the South Luangwa National Park (SLNP) which has abundant wildlife and exceptional scenic beauty and wilderness nature. The district offers two types of tourism Non-consumptive and consumptive which have stimulated the development of a variety of allied infrastructure and facilities such as lodges, bush camps, campsites, Safari Camps, cultural villages, a tarred road, an international airport and four airstrips. The anchor of formal non – consumptive tourism businesses is providing guided game viewing safaris to the South Luangwa National Park. This type of tourism is based on low impact on the environment and high quality photographic tourism which emphasizes on lodge/ bush camp accommodation, associated with walking safaris, day and night drives in the wilderness setting of the Park. There are a number of Lodges, Camp sites, Safari Camp, Mobile Safari Camps and Bush camps in the district these include: Eleven (9) Lodges, eleven (11) Campsites, eighteen (18) Bush camps and two Safari Camps. All the lodges are open all year round except for Luamfwa lodge while bush camps and campsites are open from June to October and sometimes to November.
Consumptive Tourism: Consumptive Tourism involves Safari hunting which is licensed hunting. Licensed hunting is issued by the Zambia Wildlife Authority. The safari (trophy) hunting is the most important and lucrative tourism activity in the Mambwe District where Lupande GMA is situated which is one of the prime safari hunting areas in Zambia. Safari hunting is dependent very much on the availability of healthy populations of game producing trophy animals, particularly of key species which form the backbone of the safari market – lion, leopard, hippo, elephant and buffalo.
Five Primary Resources: Agriculture and Tourism are major economic activities for Mambwe District. The main primary resources of the district are: Wildlife, Forest Products, crops such as Maize, groundnuts and Cotton, and Livestock (Cattle, Pigs, Goats and Poultry).